Parenting, spanking

Part 3: What is the Biblical “rod”?

What is the Biblical “Rod”?


Image by Crystal Lutton
(http://crystallutton.com/you-keep-using-that-verse/)

According to Strong’s Concordance, the “Rod” referred to in Proverbs is the Hebrew word “Shebet.”

  • The word “shebet” is used 191 times in the Bible
  • 76% of those times, “shebet” is translated as “tribe” or “tribes” or “half-tribe”
  • Only 14% of the time, “shebet” is translated as “rod”
  • “Shebet” is also translated as:
    • correction 1 time
    • scepters 1 time
    • spears 1 time
    • staff 1 time
    • club 4 times
    • scepter 11 times
    • half-tribe* 22 times
    • rod 27 times
    • tribe 40 times
    • tribes 83 times
  • “Shebet” is defined as:
    • a rod or staff
    • the shaft of a spear or dart
    • a club that shepherds used to protect the sheep
    • a truncheon or scepter as a symbol of authority
    • a clan or tribe (usually of the nation of Israel)
  • “Shebet” is used in the book of Psalms 11 times
    • Figurative symbol of authority (evil, severe authority as well as God’s authority)
      • Psalm 2:9 – ‘You shall break them with a rod of iron, You shall shatter them like earthenware .’ “
      • Psalm 45:6 – Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of uprightness is the scepter of Your kingdom.
      • Psalm 89:32 – Then I will punish their transgression with the rod And their iniquity with stripes.
      • Psalm 125:3 – For the scepter of wickedness shall not rest upon the land of the righteous, So that the righteous will not put forth their hands to do wrong.
    • Representing the nation of Israel, God’s chosen people
      • Psalm 74:2 – Remember Your congregation, which You have purchased of old, Which You have redeemed to be the tribe of Your inheritance; And this Mount Zion, where You have dwelt.
      • Psalm 78:55 – He also drove out the nations before them And apportioned them for an inheritance by measurement, And made the tribes of Israel dwell in their tents.
      • Psalm 78:67-68 – He also rejected the tent of Joseph, And did not choose the tribe of Ephraim, But chose the tribe of Judah, Mount Zion which He loved.
      • Psalm 105:37 – Then He brought them out with silver and gold, And among His tribes there was not one who stumbled.
    • Figurative image representing God as our Shepherd
      • Proverbs 23:4 – Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I fear no evil, for You are with me; Your rod and Your staff, they comfort me
      • It is interesting to note that the rod AND the staff are intended to comfort us – not beat us. A shepherd used the rod to protect the sheep from any enemies that would seek to attack. The staff was used to gently guide the sheep along the path they should follow.
  • “Shebet” is used in the book of Proverbs 8 times
    • The Four “Spanking Verses”
      • Proverbs 13:24 – He who withholds his rod hates his son, But he who loves him disciplines him diligently.
      • Proverbs 22:15 – Foolishness is bound up in the heart of a child; The rod of discipline will remove it far from him.
      • Proverbs 23:13-14 – Do not hold back discipline from the child, although you strike him with the rod, he will not die. You shall strike him with the rod and rescue his soul from Sheol
      • Proverbs 29:15 – The rod and reproof give wisdom, But a child who gets his own way brings shame to his mother.
    • Two Verses on Corporal Punishment of Fools
      • Proverbs 10:13 – On the lips of the discerning, wisdom is found, But a rod is for the back of him who lacks understanding.
      • Proverbs 26:3 – A whip is for the horse, a bridle for the donkey, And a rod for the back of fools.
    • A figurative symbol of oppressive authority
      • Proverb 22:8 – He who sows iniquity will reap vanity, And the rod of his fury will perish.

So from this simple word study, we have learned that:

  1. The “Shebet” is a symbol of authority.
  2. The “Shebet” was also used by shepherds to protect the sheep from enemies and to guide the sheep gently along the path they should follow.
  3. The “Shebet” is used in Wisdom Literature as a FIGURATIVE image – not a LITERAL one.

REFLECTION QUESTIONS:

  1. What is the significance of the “rod” being used as a figurative image and not a literal one?
  2. What is the impact of reading the four “spanking verses” in Proverbs as a figurative rod and not a literal one?
  3. What do you think the “rod” could be symbolizing in those four verses?

Since the only verses in the Bible that refer to spanking are the four verses found in the book of Proverbs, it would be helpful to examine the book of Proverbs as a whole to better understand how we should read this book of Wisdom Literature.

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